Alcohol and Drug Detoxification Process

What is detoxification, Detoxification Process, drug abuse, detox, alcoholism

There are various treatments involved in the efficient recovery from alcohol and drug addiction or abuse. The detoxification method is one of the several approaches from alcohol addiction recovery processes.

What is detoxification?

This is a method of intervention which is required to help control withdrawal sign and chronic detoxification. It is the best option for a lot of people with several kinds of dependencies, including drugs, alcohol, opioid, and benzodiazepine addiction. When a person is addicted to either alcohol or drugs, during the process of stoppage, he or she will start to undergo the symptoms of withdrawal. Detoxification and addiction treatment are not the same.  Detox often leads or results in the treatment, and it spans for few days.

There is a need for adequate supervision during withdrawal period for any kind of dependency because the process is dangerous for the patient. Symptoms that can occur during the withdrawal period include

  • Seizure
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Tremors
  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety
  • Hallucination
  • Sweating
  • Agitation

All these occur differently with patients, and sometimes the effect can be simple or aggravated.

When is the right time to undergo detoxification?

If a person around you, perhaps your family or friend, has recently ended he or she’s addiction woes, you might be thinking how much time you will spend before and during the detox process. Sometimes withdrawal effects start to show about ten-hours after the stoppage of consuming drug or alcohol while some others will take a few days.

There is difficulty in knowing the degree of a person’s addiction process, whether it is simple or complex, but these are factors used to determine the severity of the addiction of a patient:

  • The large intake of addictive substance before withdrawal
  • Excessive anxiety and other mental disorder

Steps in drug detoxification

There are three major steps in detoxification.

Evaluation

For best treatment plan and to achieve the desired result, it necessary to diagnose and check the individual addiction accurately. This stage is far more important than knowing the level of dependency but also critical in finding any hidden medical or any condition that is psychological and any problem that may be happening alongside the drug addiction.

This is a significant step to drug addiction recovery.

Evaluation

Stabilization

The process involves an individual stopping of drugs gradually. The whole point of this process is to ensure that the person is free from drugs.  Stabilization is known to be used by people who have a substantial record of drug addiction. Ones the individual is stabilized, he/she can move to acknowledgment and recognition of dependency.  Once this happens, then a treatment plan can be designed to produce the recovery.

Stabilization

Entering drug treatment

The vast majority of individuals that are detoxing do not undergo this stage for a further solution to their addiction. There are several reasons, and this reason depends on the person. Those who enter the drug treatment stage and finish usually have a high rate of success. The drug treatment emphasizes addiction education and the patient’s commitment to it.

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Detoxification program

These programs are often carried out at the third stage of detoxification:

    1. Day treatment or partial hospitalization

This gives over six hours of administration of therapy at a clinic or hospital to individuals who stay at home. The spans through about three months and will be better for patients with good family support, and a surrounding not influenced by alcohol.

Day treatment or partial hospitalization

    1. Outpatient program

These are done at the clinic, hospitals, societal mental clinics, residential areas and in the counselors’ offices. The requirement for attendance differs, but a lot of them will be held in the evenings and on the weekends so that attendees can still work during the day.

Outpatient program

    1. Intensified out-patient program

This will need about nine to twenty hours every week for the next two months. This program will be better for patients who are self-motivated and have the support of their friends and families.

Intensified out-patient program

    1. Medical center based program

Medical centers include hospitals, clinic and health centers which will offer both rehab programs and detox, which is on the basis of inpatient specialized units. This type of program is less common.

Medical center based program

    1. Home-based rehab program

This program is administered at home and can go from as short as a month to as long as a year and sometimes more. The treatment program is grouped into series that the individual will undertake. For example, the person will be encouraged to contact people who have positive influences on them rather than those who drink, smoke, and take drugs. They will also build their relationship with other people who are recovering from alcohol or substance abuse too within the same environment. Finally, this individual will be at liberty to interact with other people apart from the one in the same environment at the beginning of the program. The different environment can be their workplace, school, and other places.

Home-based rehab program

Detox procedure

This method kicks off after rehabilitation, and this step is to eradicate any signal of drugs and alcohol in the body. Detox process is necessary for drug addiction recovery. Medication that will help reduce the effect of withdrawal would be administered

This treatment differs from individuals

  • People have different body metabolism and composition
  • The length at which the drug is taken
  • There might be other addiction too

Detox procedure

The medication needed in detox procedure

These systems need pharmaceutical help; this aid will also depend on the personal addiction. Some addiction like alcohol, heroin, and opiates needs to undergo this process.

Methadone

This drug is usually used for heroin and opiate. Methadone helps cool down the struggle of addiction. The dosage is administered slowly and will be reduced with time as the patient get better. Some people after recovery continue to take methadone.

Methadone

Buprenorphine

This is also used in the treatment of heroin. Over the years buprenorphine has been preferred over methadone because it prevents the patient to become addicted which methadone is known to do. Buprenorphine cannot be abused and in turn, does not possess any risk of addiction to the patient.

Buprenorphine

Benzodiazepines

This drug is vital for alcohol addiction recovery; it is used to lessen anxiety which often causes by alcohol. It decreases the chance of seizure for patient undergoing detoxification, reduces the intensity that comes with withdrawal symptoms. And it frees a patient from anxiety.

Benzodiazepines

Barbiturates

This kind of drug is a soft sedative, helps to reduce discomfort, anxiety, and irritability during a detox program. Also, it can to less patient risk to have a seizure.

Barbiturates

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